Transport Minister Marc Garneau Announces New Canada Drone Laws
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[Transport Minister Marc Garneau Announces New Canada Drone Laws]
[Joseph Jean-Pierre Marc Garneau:] Source: LYBIO.net
The rules will apply regardless of the flights purpose whether it’s for work, for research, or for fun.
There are two main categories in the new regulations.
Rules for basic operations and rules for advanced operations.
The main criteria that determine whether advanced or basic rules apply or if a drone flies near bystanders or in controlled airspace, such as near an airport or aerodrome.
So we have certainly taken note of what happened to Gatwick and possibly at Heathrow yesterday.
And let me begin by saying that it is a serious criminal offense to interfere with the operations of an Airport and even more to cause risk to aircraft carrying passengers, that are landing or taking off.
So it’s a very serious crime which is subject to not only a fine, but also imprisonment.
Having said that we are working with different groups including the airports but also security agencies, to examine what kinds of countermeasures would be applicable depending on the type of drone and the circumstances.
Obviously for security reasons I can’t go into details on that but this is something that we are looking at extremely seriously because it represents potentially a dangerous situation.
Not only that – it also represents a significant slowdown in in Airport activities which puts a very large number of people in a situation where they are missing their flights or they’re missing important meetings.
So this is something that we’re looking at very seriously.
[Question:] Source: LYBIO.net
How you know, how these regulations are gonna get people who don’t have good will. And I also had a second question just about the the cost of the licensing?
[Marc Garneau:] Source: LYBIO.net
Sure, well on the first question we will see how how respectful people are. But we have Transport Canada inspectors, but we also we realized we can’t cover the entire country just with Transport Canada inspectors.
So we’re working with the RCMP and we will be approaching other police services across the country, so that they understand that there are new rules with in fact fines and possibly imprisonment depending on what laws are broken.
This is very serious business.
If you put an object in the air – in this – in the airspace of this country you are in fact piloting it, and if you cause an accident that can have enormous repercussions, then you have to realize that there will be – that there will be a price to pay for that.
On the issue of people obtaining their registration and passing their exam, and also getting their pilot certificate, there are small costs associated with it, and those are strictly so that we can cover the administrative costs at the Government of Canada for somebody who applies for a license, or takes the exam, and those are just to cover those costs.
You also said that in some ways this would reduce the administrative burden.
I wasn’t sure how this would do that?
Yes, there are, at the moment in many many cases people have to get special certificates, operational certificates to operate their drone – their drones. And they have to come to Transport Canada and there’s a lot of paperwork and it depends on the use of it.
But with the new rules there will be a much smaller group that will be required to maintain these special operations flight certificates for the more complex tasks that some of the drones are going to be developed for.
[Marc Garneau:] Source: LYBIO.NET
Hi Alison Northcott with CBC.
You mentioned that a small administrative cost, but what will be the process actually for obtaining one of these licenses?
You go online – you go to Transport Canada. There’s a website there and go to drone safety. You go to drone. And and it’s all laid out as of today. How you go about – between now and the 1st of June. Taking a written exam. Getting a registration. You’re going to be given a number. You will – if you pass the written exam [you] get a pilot certificate. And by the way you will carry that pilot certificate and that registration number with you, so that if a policeman stops you and says, ‘you’re flying that drone show me that you have the certificate and show me that you have the registration to prove that you are not just somebody who went and bought it and put it in the air.
And will the government provide study aids for people who want to take that test?
One of the things that we are encouraging – we did not make the training mandatory, prior to taking the test. But there are two options:
1) one option is to go to – there are a number of flight schools – drone flight schools across the country and we would encourage people who are serious about operating their drones to take some of that training before they actually do the exams.
There’s a lot of useful information that’s on the website but if somebody wants to do a little bit of training beforehand – before they actually start using their drone, we would encourage them to contact the flight training schools.
Good morning Genevieve Beauchemin from CTV News.
I’m wondering how these regulations compare to regulations in other countries?
Did you follow a model in particular?
We of course make up our own minds in Canada about what we consider to be the necessary rules to ensure safety, and at the same time to not hamper innovation.
So that’s kind of a philosophical approach that we take.
At the same time we are neighbours to the United States and at Transport Canada we have a large number of regulations, and we try to harmonize them wherever we can with our neighbors in the States, because a lot of Canadians will take their drones to the States and and vice versa.
And I can say to you that we’re very very similar – this harmonization of course has lots of practical benefits and we’re very similar to them. But it’s not a Carbon Copy.
We don’t take the approach of just taking doing a Carbon Copy.
Would the licensing be something that’s very similar to a boaters license for instance?
In the sense, that you know – you need to demonstrate that that you have you understand the basics, when you take that exam and that you are taking responsibility by getting a registration and you’re putting that register number on your – on your drone itself.
So yes there are parallels between the two.
I was wondering if you could explain the height maximum 122 meters is there significance to that height where stuff happens above there that we don’t want drones going on up there?
Well it’s a height that we judge to be a practical one to allow people to get their drones up a little bit into the skies – about 400 feet. But at the same time – we are – because you know that with respect to aerodromes and airports that they can’t come closer to the airport than 3 nautical miles, which is about 5.7 kilometers.
And the way air-space operates around airports – it’s like an inverted cake – wedding cake.
And so the higher you get up and closer the more you have a chance of infringing into that airspace, so if you’re staying outside the 3 nautical miles – going up to 122 meters is a reasonable height to allow you to use your drone in a practical way.
But at the same time is going to minimize the possibility that you’re going to create an infringement on the airspace. Now you can go beyond that if you go to Transport Canada and get a special – special flight operating license to operate above that because there are certain cases where drones may need to work higher than that.
In order to get that that allowance you’ll have to create a justification for it – it’s not just anybody who could go?
Yeah no. You’ll have to go to Transport Canada and say what you want to use your drone for, for a specific purpose and they will then look at it. And if it involves going into airspace you’ll have to also have to be coordinated with NAV CAN – NAV CAN which controls our airspace in this country.
But also it will depend very much on the drone and its capability. Some drones are more capable than other drones and some – are if you like in a sense have more capacity to deal with more demanding environments than others.
And we’ll be looking at the kind of drone that is in question to.
And then just finally. How harsh will the penalties be for say you go. You buy a drone. You don’t register. You fly it. You get caught. What’s the penalty?
Well it’s on paper – it’s between a $1,000 and $3,000 for an individual, but it depends on whether you deliberately do a Gatwick kind of thing; then we’re talking much more serious and imprisonment. And if it’s a corporation that is using it can be up to $25,000.00.
And are specific measures or plans for specific measures to protect airports specifically?
[Marc Garneau:] Source: LYBIO.NET
Well this is something that I touched upon in an earlier question. We are working with airports and with security organizations to address the issue.
There are people who will – because they just don’t know how to operate properly, will wander through an airfield. That is people who have not and not done their homework and are careless. There are that kind of people. But that’s quite different from somebody who deliberately puts their drone in the middle of the just above a runway in a very busy Airport with the object of just creating the kind of situation that occurred at Gatwick. And those are two very different circumstances. And we will take the necessary measures depending on what kind of situation exists.
So we can assume that you know, people are flying drones professionally are gonna look into the legislation –
– but for the unwitting, you know, families who pick up a drone for Christmas. What are some rules of thumb that people can keep in mind you know to make sure that they’re not you know endangering people and following the rules?
Well if it’s over 250 grams the rule of thumb is actually a requirement for them to go online and to figure out what they’re going to do, so that they can pass the exam, and how
they have to register their drone. Those are not – those are not suggestions – those are requirements.
If it’s above 250 grams. If it’s a much smaller one than that and there are some very tiny ones, then common sense is what prevails. They shouldn’t fly their drone out of sight. If it goes behind a building and they lose control of it it becomes a dangerous object, or if they go up into the clouds, or if they go near an airport. Those are those are common-sense things.
You have to use that kind of common sense because if it fails and it falls out of the sky and lands on somebody, or on their car or their house or something. Even a small object can can cause a problem.
Okay the students outside who have the drone, say that we can’t fly them in this city?
Is that a requirement?
Ya, the requirement is that you don’t fly them within 30 metres of people, and not above a 400 feet. As I said before. Unless you have special dispensation through Transport Canada that has to be worked with Transport Canada. And of course not within three nautical miles of the of an airport or within one nautical mile, which is about 1.9 kilometers of a helicopter pad.
Great thank you.
[Marc Garneau:] Source: LYBIO.NET
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