Steven Pinker On Utopian Ideology Violence And The Better Angels Of Our Nature
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[Steven Pinker On Utopian Ideology Violence And The Better Angels Of Our Nature]
[Steven Arthur Pinker (born September 18, 1954):] Source: LYBIO.net
What are the motives for violence? There’s raw exploitation, the elimination of a person that happens to be an obstacle in the path of something you want leading to rape, plunder, conquest and the elimination rivals. There’s the very different drive toward dominance, the urge to climb the pecking order and become alpha male among individuals or the corresponding drive among groups for ethnic, racial, national or religious supremacy. There’s moralistic violence in the form of revenge the idea that that if someone has committed something; committed a wrong it is not only permissible but mandatory to direct violence against him resulting in vendettas, rough justice and cruel punishments.
And then there are ideologies, such as those at militant, religions, nationalism, Nazism and Communism that justify vast out lays the violence by Utopian cost-benefit analysis.
If your believe system holds out the hope – of world that will be infinitely good forever. How much violence are you entitled to perpetrate in pursuit of this infinitely perfect world, well as much as you want, and you’re always ahead of the game, great benefits always outweigh the costs.
Moreover, imagine that there are people who hear about your scheme for a perfect world and just don’t get with the program, they might oppose you in bringing a heaven to earth how evil are they, that the only thing standing in the way of a infinitely good world. Well you do the math.
What do we have to counteract these motives for violence, what are the better angels of our nature, well there is self control the ability to anticipate the consequences of behavior and inhibit violent impulses.
[Steven Pinker:] Source: L Y B I O . N E T
There’s empathy, the ability to feel others pain.
There’s the moral sense particularly the sense of fairness the people shouldn’t be harmed for no reason and then there is reason itself the cognitive processes that allow us to engaging objective detached analysis.
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