Four New Elements Have Been Named Today

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Four New Elements Have Been Named Today

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[Four New Elements Have Been Named Today]

PERIODIC VIDEOS

It’s a really exciting day! Four new elements have been named on the same day. I think the first time in the history of the periodic table that’s happened. One of the elements was created in Japan and has the Japanese name. So it’s a great excuse to wear my periodic table happi. This is made by one of our fans in Japan. And if you look, it has the space to put the names, the new symbols of the four elements. And as well, today happens to be the 8th birthday of Periodic Videos, 8 years since we shot the first video.

Introducing:
The Periodic Table of Videos
www.periodicvideos.com The University of Nottingham
Brady Haran 2008

Welcome to our periodic table videos. This is an experiment for me just as much as it will be for you when you’re watching. And I just wanted to begin by showing a bit my office and explaining what the periodic table means to chemist like me.

79
Au
Gold
196.967
80
Hg
Mercury
200.592
81
TI
Thallium
204.383
82
Pb
Lead
207.2
83
Bi
Bismuth
208.980
111
Rg
Roentgenium
[272]
112
Cn
Copernicium
[277]
113
Uut
Ununtrium
unknown
114
FI
Flerovium
[289]
115
Uup
Ununpentium
unknown
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tn

113
Nihonium
Nh

So, now for the names. The first element number 113 over here was discovered fir… or first synthesized in Japan has been called Nihonium, with the symbol “Nh” in an honor of Japan.

115
Moscovium
Mc

The second element number 115 is Moscovium, named after the Moscow, capital of Russia, which is not far from Dubna where the element was synthesized, 115, and the symbol is Mc which might actually appeal to our viewers in Scotland because as you know many surnames in Scotland begin Mc. So it’s a sort of Russian-Scottish element.

9
F
Fluorine
18.998
17
Cl
Chlorine
35.453
35
Br
Bromine
79.904
53
I
Iodine
126.904
85
At
Astatine
209.987
117
Uus
Ununpentium
unknown

The third element number 117 is one of the halogens. Now you know the halogens fluorine, chlorine, bromine, astatine; all end in “ine”.

PROPOSED
117
Tennessine
Ts

So element 117 has been named Tennessine after the American state, Tennessee, where many of the elements were discovered at Oak Ridge, the national laboratory. I’m not sure whether its intended to being pronounced Tennessine or Tennessine. I prefer Tennessine.

2
He
Helium
4.003
10
Ne
Neon
20.180
18
Ar
Argon
39.948
36
Kr
Krypton
84.798
54
Xe
Xenon
131.294
86
Rn
Radon
222.018
118
Uuo
Ununpentium
unknown

The last element 118 is one of the noble gases. Now all the noble gases apart from helium end in “on” Neon, argon, krypton, xenon, radon.

PROPOSED
118
Oganesson
Og

And this one has been called, Oganesson. Now that’s quite a strange name. You might be bit surprised. Let me tell you the symbol is Og. It’s named after academician, Yuri Oganessian, who is an Armenian working in Russia and he’s director of the institute where many of these elements were discovered.

BRADY:
Is he alive?

He is alive, which makes him only the second person in the history of the periodic table to have an element named after them while they’re still alive. The other one was named after Seaborg, seaborgium. Though there is a rumor that Einstein may have known about Einsteinium before the name was made public. But he was dead when it went public.

PROPOSED
113 Nihonium (Nh)
115 Moscovium (Mc)
117 Tennessine (Ts)
118 Oganesson (Og)

These names are provisional as are the symbols. And there are 6 months for people to comment or object. And in some cases, like the element Copernicium, the symbol was changed from Cp to Cn.

So it’s possible some of these may change. I suspect that nobody’s going to object to them, but we will have to see.

BRADY:
What do you think of the four names?

I think there are all great. I think the Oganesson is perhaps slightly hard for some people to pronounce. But it’s quite fun!

Now, of course, some people think the periodic table is complete. But, if you look at the sleeve of my Japanese Happi, you can see that there’re spaces for element 119 and 120.

Keep watching Periodic Videos! And I hope quite soon there might be some other new elements. So, we can continue completing my sleeve.

BRADY:
Professor does that mean if we react Moscovium with oxygen we will have McOxygen?

[laughs] Uhm…

www.periodicvideos.com
The University of Nottingham
UNITED KINGDOM – CHINA – MALAYSIA
Films by Brady Haran

Four New Elements Have Been Named Today

Four New Elements Have Been Named Today

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Credits:

Periodic Videos films are by video journalist Brady Haran: http://www.bradyharan.com/
Brady’s Blog: http://www.bradyharanblog.com

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